How To Capitalize Hyphenated Words?

How to Capitalize Hyphenated Words

Hyphenated words can be tricky to capitalize, especially when you’re not sure which part of the word should be capitalized. In this article, we’ll take a look at the rules for capitalizing hyphenated words, and we’ll provide some examples to help you understand how they work.

We’ll also discuss some of the exceptions to the rules, and we’ll give you some tips on how to capitalize hyphenated words correctly. So whether you’re writing a research paper or just a casual email, you’ll be able to capitalize your hyphenated words with confidence.

How To Capitalize Hyphenated Words? Example Explanation
Capitalize only the first word of each hyphenated word. Self-Improvement The first word “Self” is capitalized, and the second word “Improvement” is not.
If the first word of a hyphenated word is a proper noun, capitalize it. New-York City The first word “New” is capitalized because it is a proper noun.
If all the words in a hyphenated word are proper nouns, capitalize all of them. United-States of America All the words in this hyphenated word are proper nouns, so they are all capitalized.

Hyphenated words can be tricky to capitalize, especially when you’re not sure which parts of the word should be capitalized and which parts shouldn’t. In this guide, we’ll provide you with the general rules for capitalizing hyphenated words, as well as some exceptions to those rules.

General rules for capitalizing hyphenated words

The general rule for capitalizing hyphenated words is to capitalize only the first word of the hyphenated word and any proper nouns within the word. For example, the word “self-confidence” would be capitalized as “Self-confidence.”

However, there are some exceptions to this rule. For example, if the first word of the hyphenated word is a preposition or an article, it should not be capitalized. For example, the word “co-worker” would be capitalized as “coworker.”

Additionally, if the hyphenated word is a compound adjective, it should be capitalized as a whole word. For example, the word “pale-green” would be capitalized as “Pale-green.”

Exceptions to the general rules

There are a few exceptions to the general rules for capitalizing hyphenated words. These exceptions include:

  • Words that are derived from proper nouns. For example, the word “anti-American” would be capitalized as “Anti-American” because it is derived from the proper noun “American.”
  • Words that are used as prefixes or suffixes. For example, the word “pre-heat” would be capitalized as “Pre-heat” because it is used as a prefix.
  • Words that are used as proper adjectives. For example, the word “pale-skinned” would be capitalized as “Pale-skinned” because it is used as a proper adjective.

By following these general rules and exceptions, you can correctly capitalize hyphenated words in your writing. However, if you are ever unsure about how to capitalize a hyphenated word, it is always best to consult a dictionary or style guide.

Here are some additional resources that you may find helpful:

  • [The Chicago Manual of Style](https://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/book/6-spelling-and-punctuation/6.12-compound-words/)
  • [The Associated Press Stylebook](https://www.apstylebook.com/punctuation-and-capitalization/compound-words/)
  • [The New York Times Style Guide](https://www.nytimes.com/ref/style/styleguide.htmlcompound-words)

How To Capitalize Hyphenated Words?

Hyphenated words can be tricky to capitalize correctly. There are a few different rules that you need to follow, depending on the type of hyphenated word you are dealing with.

General rules for capitalizing hyphenated words

The following are the general rules for capitalizing hyphenated words:

  • The first word of a hyphenated word is always capitalized. For example, “self-confidence” and “father-in-law.”
  • The second word of a hyphenated word is only capitalized if it is a proper noun. For example, “New York-style cheesecake” and “African-American history.”
  • If a hyphenated word is used as an adjective, it is capitalized as a whole. For example, “a well-known actor” and “a high-quality product.”
  • If a hyphenated word is used as a noun, it is only capitalized if the first word is capitalized. For example, “the self-confidence of a child” and “the father-in-law of my friend.”

Special cases of hyphenated words

There are a few special cases of hyphenated words that you need to be aware of.

  • Prefixes and suffixes are not capitalized. For example, “pre-school” and “post-doctoral.”
  • Hyphenated words that are derived from proper nouns are capitalized as a whole. For example, “Franco-Prussian War” and “Latin-American studies.”
  • Hyphenated words that are used as brand names are capitalized as a whole. For example, “Kleenex” and “Xerox.”

Tips for capitalizing hyphenated words correctly

Here are a few tips for capitalizing hyphenated words correctly:

  • Always consult a dictionary if you are unsure about how to capitalize a hyphenated word.
  • If you are writing a formal document, such as a research paper or a business letter, it is always best to err on the side of caution and capitalize all hyphenated words.
  • If you are writing a more informal document, such as a blog post or an email, you can be more flexible with your capitalization rules. Just be sure to be consistent within your document.

Hyphenated words can be tricky to capitalize correctly, but by following the general rules and special cases outlined in this article, you can be sure that you are using them correctly.

Here is a summary of the key points:

  • The first word of a hyphenated word is always capitalized.
  • The second word of a hyphenated word is only capitalized if it is a proper noun.
  • If a hyphenated word is used as an adjective, it is capitalized as a whole.
  • If a hyphenated word is used as a noun, it is only capitalized if the first word is capitalized.
  • Prefixes and suffixes are not capitalized.
  • Hyphenated words that are derived from proper nouns are capitalized as a whole.
  • Hyphenated words that are used as brand names are capitalized as a whole.

By following these rules, you can be sure that you are using hyphenated words correctly.

How do I capitalize a hyphenated word?

There are a few different ways to capitalize a hyphenated word. The most common way is to capitalize the first letter of each word in the hyphenated word, including the hyphen. For example, “self-help” would be capitalized as “Self-help”.

Another way to capitalize a hyphenated word is to capitalize only the first word in the hyphenated word, and not the hyphen. For example, “self-help” would be capitalized as “self-help”.

Finally, you can also capitalize a hyphenated word by capitalizing only the last word in the hyphenated word, and not the hyphen. For example, “self-help” would be capitalized as “self-help”.

Which method should I use?

The best way to capitalize a hyphenated word depends on the context in which you are using it. If you are writing a formal document, such as a research paper or a business letter, you should capitalize the first letter of each word in the hyphenated word, including the hyphen. If you are writing a more informal document, such as a blog post or a social media post, you can use any of the three methods described above.

What if the hyphenated word is a proper noun?

If the hyphenated word is a proper noun, you should capitalize all of the words in the hyphenated word, including the hyphen. For example, “New York City” would be capitalized as “New York City”.

What if the hyphenated word is an acronym?

If the hyphenated word is an acronym, you should capitalize only the first letter of each word in the acronym, and not the hyphen. For example, “ATM” would be capitalized as “ATM”.

What if the hyphenated word is a foreign word?

If the hyphenated word is a foreign word, you should capitalize it according to the rules of that language. For example, the French word “demi-glace” would be capitalized as “Demi-glace”.

there are a few simple rules to follow when capitalizing hyphenated words. First, if the first word of the hyphenated word is a noun, capitalize it. Second, if the second word of the hyphenated word is a noun, capitalize it. Third, if the hyphenated word is a compound adjective, capitalize both words. Finally, if the hyphenated word is a proper noun, capitalize all words. By following these rules, you can ensure that you are capitalizing hyphenated words correctly.

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